Biodiversity risk from land-cover change in terrestrial priority regions and protected natural areas in northeastern Mexico

Biodiversity risk from land-cover change in terrestrial priority regions and protected natural areas in northeastern Mexico

Protected areas (PAs), priority terrestrial regions (PTRs) and priority terrestrial sites (PTSs) are strategies for conserving natural resources. However, loss of coverage on the peripheries can lead to isolation between these conservation areas. The present study analyzed the association of the cha...

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Journal Title: Revista mexicana de biodiversidad
First author: Christian Javier Vázquez-Reyes
Other Authors: Genaro Martínez-Gutiérrez;
Arturo Mora-Olivo;
Alfonso Correa-Sandoval;
Jorge Víctor Horta-Vega;
Julio César Arriaga-Flores;
Crystian Sadiel Venegas-Barrera
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Language: English
Get full text: http://www.revista.ib.unam.mx/index.php/bio/article/view/2726
Resource type: Journal Article
Source: Revista mexicana de biodiversidad; Vol 90, No 4 (Year 2019).
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22201/ib.20078706e.2019.90.2726
Publisher: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
Usage rights: Reconocimiento - NoComercial - SinObraDerivada (by-nc-nd)
Categories: Life Sciences --> Biodiversity Conservation
Abstract: Protected areas (PAs), priority terrestrial regions (PTRs) and priority terrestrial sites (PTSs) are strategies for conserving natural resources. However, loss of coverage on the peripheries can lead to isolation between these conservation areas. The present study analyzed the association of the change of coverage inside and outside 2 PAs, 5 PTRs and 128 PTSs in Tamaulipas with the richness and geographic distribution of 5 species groups (strict, semiaquatic and tolerant hydrophiles, as well as gastropods and pteridophytes in 3 periods (1986, 2002 and 2011). In addition, we identified areas with similar species composition and socioeconomic-environmental factors related to the change in coverage. The highest richness and geographic distribution of aquatic plants occurred outside the conservation areas, while the greatest richness of ferns and gastropods was present inside them. The greatest loss of coverage occurred outside the El Cielo Biosphere Reserve and the Sierra de Tamaulipas PA. The loss of native cover increased in the last 30 years and is greater outside the conservation areas, therefore is necessary to propose and implement strategies to reduce the isolation of these areas.